Ernest Hemingway (1899–1961)

Death: 2nd July 1961
Location: Ketchum Cemetery, Ketchum, Blaine County, Idaho, United States
Cause of death: Suicide – gunshot
Photo taken by: Squelle
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American novelist and journalist. Awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize in Literature for his mastery of the art of narrative, most recently demonstrated in The Old Man and the Sea, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style. He received the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for The Old Man and the Sea.
At school he was the editor of the school newspaper, he left school and became a reporter for a local newspaper. During the First World War he joined the Ambulance Corp and served on the Italian front. His career as an ambulance driver ended when he was hit by a mortar which left fragments in his legs. He was awarded the Silver Medal of Military Valour from the Italian government.
In 1921 he married his first wife, Hadley Richardson, and they moved to Paris where Hemingway worked as a reporter for the Toronto Star. In 1925 In Our Time was published, Hemmingway’s American literary debut.  In 1927 he divorced Richardson and married Pauline Pfeiffer. In 1928 his father, who was suffering from financial difficulties, committed suicide which greatly affected Hemingway. Hemingway divorced again and married his third wife, Martha Gellhorn. During World War Two, Hemingway took part in the D-Day landings as a correspondent. He divorced Martha and was married, for the forth and final time, to Mary Welsh.
Hemmingway was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept his Nobel Prize as he was badly injured while on safari. Hemmingway’s health worsened due to heavy drinking which also aggravated his depression, eventually causing him to take his own life.