Omar Khayyám (عمر خیام) (1048-1131)

Death: 4th December 1131
Location: Mausoleum of Omar Khayyám, Nishapur, Iran
Photo taken by: Petr Adam Dohnálek
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Persian philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and poet. He was famous during his lifetime as a mathematician. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070).
Outside Iran and Persian speaking countries, Khayyám has had an impact on literature through the translation of his works and popularization by other scholars. The most influential of all was Edward FitzGerald (1809–83), who made Khayyám the most famous poet of the East in the West through his celebrated translations in the Rubáiyát of Omar Khayyám .