Manuel Azaña (1880-1940)

Death: 3rd November 1940
Location: Cimetière de Montauban, Montauban, Midi-Pyrénées, France
Cause of death:  Heart Attack
Photo taken by: IzquierdaRepublicana
Buy books by Manuel Azaña

First Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic (1931–1933), and later served again as Prime Minister (1936), and then as the second and last President of the Republic (1936–1939). The Spanish Civil War broke out while he was President. With the defeat of the Republic in 1939, he fled to France, resigned his office, and died in exile shortly afterwards.
Azaña's writings during the Civil War contribute much to the study of the workings of the Republican government during the conflict. Along with his extensive memoirs and diaries, Azaña also produced a number of well-known speeches. Azaña also wrote a play during the Civil War, La velada en Benicarló / Vigil in Benicarló. Having worked on the play during the previous weeks, Azaña dictated the final version while trapped in Barcelona during the May Days violence in 1937. In the play, Azaña uses various characters to espouse the various ideological, political, and social perspectives present within the Republic during the war, hence portraying and attempting to explain the rivalries and conflicts that were damaging the political cohesion of the Republic.