E. W. Hornung (Ernest William) (1866-1921)

Death: 22nd March 1921
Location: Cimetière Aice Errota, Saint-Jean-de-Luz, Aquitaine, France
Cause of death: Influenza

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English author known for writing the A. J. Raffles series of stories about a gentleman thief in late 19th-century London.  In 1898 he wrote In the Chains of Crime, which introduced Raffles and his sidekick, Bunny Manders; the characters were based partly on his friends Oscar Wilde and his lover, Lord Alfred Douglas, and also on Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson.

Chinua Achebe (1930-2013)

Death: 21st March 2013
Location: Nigeria, Anambra State, Ogidi, Family Compound

Nigerian novelist, poet, professor and critic. His first novel Things Fall Apart (1958) is the most widely read book in modern African literature. His later novels include No Longer at Ease (1960), Arrow of God (1964), A Man of the People (1966), and Anthills of the Savannah (1987).
A titled Igbo chieftain himself, Achebe's novels focus on the traditions of Igbo society, the effect of Christian influences, and the clash of Western and traditional African values during and after the colonial era. His style relies heavily on the Igbo oral tradition, and combines straightforward narration with representations of folk stories, proverbs, and oratory.

Sébastien Japrisot (Jean-Baptiste Rossi) (1931-2003)

Death: 4th March 2003
Location: Cimetière de Busset, Busset, Auvergne, France


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French author, screenwriter and film director.  His pseudonym was an anagram of his real name Jean-Baptiste Rossi.  He is known for Compartiment tueurs / The Sleeping Car Murders (1962) and La Dame dans l'auto avec des lunettes et un fusil / The Lady in the Car with Glasses and a Gun (1966); for which he was awarded Le Prix d'Honneur 1966 and the Crime Writer's Association Silver Dagger in 1968.




 

Hergé (Georges Remi) (1907-1983)

Death:  3rd March 1983
Location:  Cimetière du Dieweg, Uccle, Brussels, Belgium
Cause of death:  HIV
Photo taken by:  Spirou et Fantasio

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Belgian cartoonist best known for The Adventures of Tintin, the series of comics that he made from 1929 until his death in 1983, considered one of the most popular European comics of the 20th century. His pseudonym is derived from the pronunciation of his reversed initials (R.G.). 

Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz / الحاجّ مالك الشباز) (1925-1965)

Death:  21st February 1965
Location:  Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, Westchester County, New York, United States Plot:  Pinewood B, Grave 150
Cause of death:  Assassinated
Photo taken by:  Tony the Misfit

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African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
In February 1965, shortly after rejecting the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated by three of its members.  Malcolm X was preparing to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom when someone in the 400-person audience yelled, "Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!".  As Malcolm X and his bodyguards tried to quell the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him once in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun; two other men charged the stage firing semi-automatic handguns.  Malcolm X was pronounced dead at 3:30 pm, shortly after arriving at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital.  The autopsy identified 21 gunshot wounds to the chest, left shoulder, arms and legs, including ten buckshot wounds from the initial shotgun blast.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X, published shortly after his death in collaboration with Alex Haley, is considered one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century.