Location: Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, Westchester County, New York, United States Plot: Pinewood B, Grave 150
Cause of death: Assassinated
Photo taken by: Tony the Misfit
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African-American Muslim minister and a human rights activist. To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence. He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
In February 1965, shortly after rejecting the Nation of Islam, he was assassinated by three of its members. Malcolm X was preparing to address the Organization of Afro-American Unity in Manhattan's Audubon Ballroom when someone in the 400-person audience yelled, "Nigger! Get your hand outta my pocket!". As Malcolm X and his bodyguards tried to quell the disturbance, a man rushed forward and shot him once in the chest with a sawed-off shotgun; two other men charged the stage firing semi-automatic handguns. Malcolm X was pronounced dead at 3:30 pm, shortly after arriving at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital. The autopsy identified 21 gunshot wounds to the chest, left shoulder, arms and legs, including ten buckshot wounds from the initial shotgun blast.
The Autobiography of Malcolm X, published shortly after his death in collaboration with Alex Haley, is considered one of the most influential nonfiction books of the 20th century.