Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527)

Death: 21st June 1527
Location: Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence, Italy
Photo taken by: Wayne
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Florentine poet, playwright and political philosopher who was one of the key figures of the Renaissance.
After the Medici were expelled from Florence in 1494 Machiavelli served the Florentine Republic and travelled to several European courts on diplomatic missions, the leaders that he met during these travels influenced his work The Prince
The Medicis returned to power in 1512 and Machiavelli was imprisoned and tortured for his supposed opposition to Medici rule. Pope Leo X secured Machiavelli’s release in 1513 and sent him into exile where he devoted himself to literature. 
His name gave rise to the term Machiavellian which is used to describe a person’s tendency to manipulate others for gain.