José Rizal (1861-1896)

Death: 30th December 1896
Location: Rizal Monument, Rizal Park, Manila, Philippines
Cause of death: Execution by firing squad
Photo taken by: Yournecs and Matikas 0805
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Filipino nationalist and polymath during the end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines. He is widely considered as one of the greatest heroes of the Philippines. Rizal, an ophthalmologist by profession, became a writer and a key member of the Filipino Propaganda Movement which advocated political reforms for the colony under Spain. Rizal was the author of the novels Noli Me Tángere / Touch Me Not (1887) and El filibusterismo (1891), as well as several poems and essays. He was executed by the Spanish colonial government for the crime of rebellion after the Philippine Revolution broke out; the revolution was inspired in part by his writings.
Following his execution Rizal was secretly buried in an unmarked grave in Pacò Cemetery, Manila (now Pacò Park).  Rizal's sister, Narcisa, paid money to the caretaker of the cemetery to mark the burial site "RPJ", Rizal's initials in reverse.  Rizal is now interred in the Rizal Monument, the perimeter of the monument is guarded continuously by the Philippine Marine Corps’ Marine Security and Escort Group, the changing of the guard having become a daily ritual.   Approximately 100m  north-northwest of the monument is the exact location where Rizal was executed, marked by life-size dioramas depicting his final moments.