Ferdowsi (فردوسی) (940-1020)

Death: 1020
Location: Ferdowsi Mausoleum, Tus, Razavi Khorasan Province,Iran
Photo taken by: Nimavojdani

Persian poet, author of the Shahnameh, the national epic of Iran and the Persian-speaking world. The poet's full name was "al-Amīr al-Ḥakīm Abu’l-Qāsem Manṣūr ibn al-Ḥasan al-Ferdowsī al-Ṭūsī". It is not known when or why he adopted the pen name "Ferdowsi" ("man of paradise"). 
The Shahnameh is the only surviving work by Ferdowsi regarded as indisputably genuine. He may have written poems earlier in his life but they no longer exist. The Shahnameh chronicles the legendary history of the pre-Islamic kings of Iran from Keyumars to Yazdegerd III. Ferdowsi spent over three decades (from 977 to 1010) working on the Shahnameh, which became one of the most influential works of Persian literature.