George Sand (Lucile Aurore Dupin) (1804-1876)

Death: 8th June 1876
Location: Cimètiere de Nohant
Nohant, Indre, France
Cause of death: Intestinal Obstruction
Photo taken by: Markus3
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French novelist and memoirist, who was born in Paris but raised for much of her childhood by her grandmother at her grandmother's estate, Nohant. In 1822, at the age of nineteen, she married Baron Casimir Dudevant with whom she had two children: Maurice and Solange. In early 1831, she left her dull husband and began a period of 'romantic rebellion'. In 1835, she was legally separated from Dudevant and took her children with her.
Sand conducted affairs of varying duration with Jules Sandeau, Prosper Mérimée, Alfred de Musset, Félicien Mallefille and Frédéric Chopin. Sand's lifestyle was considered to be unorthodox. Her behaviour, such as smoking and wearing men's clothes in public, was considered to be scandalous for a woman of the early and mid-19th century, when social codes — especially in the upper classes — were of the utmost importance.
Her first published novel, Rose et Blanche (1831), was written in collaboration with Jules Sandeau. She subsequently adopted, for her first independent novel, Indiana(1832), the pen name that made her famous – George Sand. Drawing from her childhood experiences of the countryside, Sand wrote the rural novels La Mare au Diable / The Devil's Pool(1846), François le Champi (1847–1848), La Petite Fadette (1849), and Les Beaux Messieurs Bois-Doré (1857). Un Hiver à Majorque / A Winter in Majorca (1855) described the period that she and Chopin spent on the island in 1838-9. Her other novels include Lélia (1833), Mauprat (1837), Le Compagnon du Tour de France (1840), Consuelo (1842–1843), and Le Meunier d'Angibault (1845). Sand was admired by several other writers of the period, including Gustave Flaubert, Marcel Proust and Honoré de Balzac.